Visit a doctor, and get blood tests and a physical exam to determine your platelet level.
- A normal platelet range is 150,000 to 450,000 platelets per micro-litre of blood.
- During a physical exam, a doctor may looks for signs of bleeding such as bruises or small, red spots on the skin called petechiae.
These causes may include pregnancy and childbirth, hemorrhages, reduced production and increased breakdown of platelets, autoimmune diseases, and bacteria in the blood. Other instances such as cancers, chicken pox, and radiation may reduce the productions of platelets.
- Other instances such as cancers, chicken pox, and radiation may reduce the productions of platelets. Platelets already in the blood can be destroyed by medications, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Sometimes this is as simple as discontinuing or changing a medication. If related to pregnancy, the platelet count will usually increase within a few weeks of giving birth. Other occurrences, such as an autoimmune disease, may require you to take other measures to help increase the low platelet count.
Supplement your diet with vitamin B12 and folate, or eat foods high in these vitamins.
Vitamin B12 and folate are important in the production of blood elements including platelets.
- Foods such a spinach, citrus fruits, and dried beans are high in folate, while eggs, milk, cheese, liver, and mutton are high in vitamin B12.
If you fall below a certain platelet count on several blood tests, a doctor may recommend a blood transfusion to reduce the chance of complications.
Remove the spleen.
If plates are trapped in the spleen and this is the cause of the low platelet count, your doctor may recommend a splenectomy (removal of the spleen).
- A splenectomy has a 66 percent success rate for increasing platelets in the blood. However, the surgery may fail over time and thrombocytopenia may return.
- People under the age of 40 who undergo a splenectomy have a better chance of increasing their platelet count.
Platelets decrease in production when alcohol is present in the blood.
Reduce activities that might cause bleeding.
This may include contact sports or other hobbies where the chance of injury is relatively high.
Ask your doctor about over-the-counter pain medications containing aspirin or ibuprofen.
These medications may inhibit platelet production.
Source : http://www.wikihow.com